Legal education in Byzantium: the antecessors, the Basilica and the nomophylax
Ein Vortrag von Prof. Dr. Daphne Penna (Groningen)
At the time of Justinian the law professors were called antecessors. Around 900, many Greek texts were collected into one massive legal compilation of sixty books, the Basilica (Imperial Laws), and from the tenth to the twelfth century scholia were added to the Basilica text. In the middle of the eleventh century the nomophylax (the guardian of laws) was John Xiphilinos who was appointed to serve at this position at the new established law school in Constantinople in the middle of the eleventh century. How are the antecessors, the Basilica and the nomophylax related to each other? This paper attempts to answer this question and deals inevitably with questions related to law teaching at the time of Justinian, transmission of antecessorian material in the Basilica and legal education in eleventh-century Byzantium.