When Past and Present Intermingle: Balsamon’s Comments on Feasts and Liturgies
This communication will present aspects of the 12th century canonists on the proper behavior inside churches. Reading and commenting ancient canons, the canonists express their opinions on the way one should behave, pray and sing inside contemporary churches. They contrast the behavior of the past with that of the present. They also criticize contemporary behavior and offer their own ideas on what should be changed. Their comments provide us with a lively picture of religious ceremonies and festivals in the 12th century.